Testicular Cancer

Men’s Health - A need and reluctance of men to get regular physical exams and screenings is well documented. Surprisingly, the top men’s health threat list is a very short one; including  cancer. The Graham Urological Center, we provide comprehensive men’s health physical exams. You may discuss all signs and symptoms.

Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in men aged 20 to 35. It starts as a non painful scrotal mass. There are approximately 8000 new cases annually.  Testicular cancer is rare and usually affects one of the testicles. This disease is curable.

  • Risk Factors
    • Undescended testicles – This occurs as a result of one or both of the testicles not moving down to the scrotum prior to birth
    • Race- Non Hispanic, whites are at higher risk compared to other races and ethnicities.
    • Family history – The chances of a man whose brother developed testis cancer is also at an increased risk of developing the disease as well. Men with testicular cancer in one testis are at increased risk to develop cancer in the other testicle
  • Symptoms
    • Swelling of the scrotum
    • Testicular lump
    • Discomfort or tenderness in the scrotum area


Usually patient’s discovers masses or lumps themselves during a self examination. To help diagnose the condition, your doctor would order an ultrasound test. This painless test enables your doctor to make a visual diagnosis of the abnormality. If cancer is evident, surgery will be performed to remove the testicle and subjected to microscopic examination for confirmation.

  • Diagnostic tests include:
    • Ultrasound
    • CT scan and X-ray
    • Serological testing
    • Biopsy – removal of the testicle for examination.

  • Treatment
    • Surgery – removal of the testicle. This is usually done with stage I cancers.
    • Radiation to the abdominal lymph nodes
    • Chemotherapy

  • Prognosis
    • Prognosis is usually good for men suffering testicular cancer. The treatment success rate is 95% for most cases.